General Information about Syria

Geographical location: Syria is located on the east coast of the Mediterranean Sea, bordered by Turkey in the north, Iraq in the east, Palestine from the south east, Jordan from the south, Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea in the west.

 

Capital: Damascus

 

Official language: Arabic

 

Area: 185.179.000 km²

 

Syria is divided into four main geographical regions:

 

The coastal zone: Sandwiched between the mountains and the sea.

 

Mountainous region: The Mountains ranging from the north to south parallel to the shore of the Mediterranean Sea The interior: Known as the Plains region

 

The Plains of Damascus, Homs, Hama and Aleppo, Hassake and Dar'a are located east of the mountains.

 

Badia region: Desert plains in the south-east of the country at the border of Jordan, Iraq which have the advantage of being suitable for pasture.

 

Climate: Syria’s climate is prevailingly Mediterranean, characterized by rainy winters, dry summers, and two short transitional seasons of fall and spring.

 

Weather: The average temperature is 32 ° C in summer, 8 ° C in winter and 22 ° C in spring and autumn.

 

Administrative divisions: There are 14 administrative provinces in Syria: Damascus, Rural Damascus, Homs, Hama, Aleppo, Idlib, Lattakia, Tartous, Deir Al-Zor, Raqqa, Hasakeh, Dar'a, Suwyda and Qunaitra.

 

Population: 18.886 million.

 

Most important economic resources:

 

Agriculture: Wheat, cotton, olives, sugar beet, fruits and vegetables.

 

Extractive industry: oil, gas, phosphate and salt.

 

Manufacturing: Textiles and chemicals.

 

Currency: Syrian pound.

 

Electric power: 220 volts / 50 Hz.

 

Opening Hours: from 08:00 to 15.30 (ministries and official institutions)

 

Official Weekend: Friday and Saturday.

 

Measurement Units: Metric (Kg and meter)

 

Time:   Winter Time: November to April (+2 hours GMT)

 

Summer Time: April to October (+3 hours GMT).

 

International Calling Code: +963